← Volume 12: Challenges and Perspectives of Hate Speech Research


Extreme Speech

Sahana Udupa

Berlin, 2023
DOI 10.48541/dcr.v12.14 (SSOAR)

Abstract: Extreme speech is a critical conceptual framework that aims to uncover vitriolic online cultures through comparative and ethnographic excavations of digital practices. It is not one more new definition or a term replaceable with extremist speech. Rather, it is a conceptual framework developed to foreground historical awareness, critical deconstruction of existing categories, and a grounded understanding of evolving practices in online communities, in ways to holistically analyze the contours and consequences of contemporary digital hate cultures. This framework suggests that the close contextualization of proximate contexts—of media affordances in use or situated speech cultures—should accompany deep contextualization, which accounts for grave historical continuities and technopolitical formations unfolding on a planetary scale. Through such elaborate forays into everyday practices and deeper histories, extreme speech theory proposes to nuance normative and regulatory efforts to classify and isolate hate speech and disinformation.


Sahana Udupa is Professor of Media Anthropology at the University of Munich, Germany. ORCID logo

Udupa, S. (2023). Extreme speech. In C. Strippel, S. Paasch-Colberg, M. Emmer, & J. Trebbe (Eds.), Challenges and perspectives of hate speech research (pp. 233–248). Digital Communication Research. https://doi.org/10.48541/dcr.v12.14

This book is published open access and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY 4.0).
The persistent long-term archiving of this book is carried out with the help of the Social Science Open Access Repository and the university library of Freie Universität Berlin (Refubium).